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Barry
03-07-2009, 22:32
Soft Machine - An appreciation


Very brief history

Soft Machine were formed in Canterbury in June 1966; the members originally being Daevid Allen, Kevin Ayres, Robert Wyatt, Larry Nolan and Mike Ratledge. At this time the group were called Mister Head, but soon changed their name to The Soft Machine, after the novel by William Burroughs [1].

Larry Nolan left the group in October 1966, however by then Soft Machine had built up a strong following playing alongside The Pink Floyd at various ‘underground happenings’. During 1967 the group successfully toured in France and had by that time recorded their first single.

Upon their return to the UK, Allen (an Australian) was refused entry as his visa had expired, so he returned to France. Settling in Paris, Allen would later form the group Gong. The remaining trio of Ayres, Wyatt and Ratledge continued working in Holland, Belgium and France. They recorded their first LP in April 1968.


Soft Machine (aka. Volume 1)

http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51SJF32W8ZL._SL500_AA240_.jpg

Consisting of Kevin Ayres (guitar and occasional vocals), Mike Ratledge (keyboards) and Robert Wyatt (drums and vocals). The debut Soft Machine is typical late ‘60s pop/progressive rock with some jazz and avant-garde influences thrown in for good measure. The sleeve notes [2] somewhat pompously announce that it was the “sound of music updated by the music of sound”. Be that as it may, the notable tracks on this album are:

We Did It Again
Why Are We Sleeping?
Hope for Happiness
Joy of a Toy

Wyatt has a weak voice barely spanning an octave (Hope for Happiness), and is the most unlikely choice for a vocalist, yet is almost perfect for the Dada influenced and whimsical lyrics he ‘sings’. The influence of Dada on the lyrics is best heard on ‘Plus Belle Qu’une Poubelle’ (= ‘More beautiful than a waste bin’), demonstrating that it is the sound the words make, rather than their sense that is important.

In ‘Why Are We Sleeping?’ the lyrics are read as a piece of poetry by Ayres. This track has a sound that would continue into ‘Volume 2’ and ‘Third’.


Volume 2

http://www.forcedexposure.com/product_images/w/WATER196CD.JPEG

With this album, Soft Machine ‘set out their stall’ as to the direction they would take, developing the quirky whimsy and word play of their first record with jazz and late 60’s ‘psychedelic’ sound. Hugh Hopper, formerly the ‘roadie’, joins the line up playing bass and replacing Ayres. Volume 2 is a more experimental and ambitious album than Volume 1, but succeeds by being more complete as a whole.

Side 1 is a Dada-esque suite: ‘Rivmic (sic) Melodies’ consisting of: ‘Pataphysical Introduction’ followed by ‘The Concise British Alphabet’, a welcoming introduction by Wyatt, and a literal recitation of the alphabet; ‘Hibou Anemone and Bear’, a whimsical piece ‘sung’ by Wyatt with a faint echo on his voice, very controlled cymbal work and a nicely fuzzy organ sound from Ratledge. In ‘Thank you Pierrot Lunaire’ (is this punning reference to Kevin Ayres?), acknowledgement is made to Jimi Hendrix and the Experience when Soft Machine toured with The Experience in March 1968 and to Mike Jeffery, manager for Hendrix:

Thank you Noel and Mitch
Thank you Jim for our exposure to the crowd
Thank you Mike for the coda, you did us proud.’

In ‘Dada Was Here’ , Hugh Hopper’s distinctive style of bass playing can be clearly heard. ‘Out of Tunes’ is an extended track demonstrating Soft Machine’s experimentation with avant-garde jazz.

The second side, titled ‘Esther’s Nose Job’, further continues the blend of Dada poetry, jazz and experimental pop. ‘Dedicated to You but You Weren’t Listening’ is a perfect example of the influence of Dada poetry on Wyatt’s lyric writing - a combination of nonsense words and a touching expression of self-doubt:

Famous parabolic versions
Songs that promise:
Beauty, sleep, love, sadness
Do I dream that something's missing?
Hungry, thirsty, open off-peak mind
Give me the truth, give me the truth,
give me the truth, tell me...

Songs and verses
Handy captions
Photographs of:
Real-life action, horror, madness
Can it be that something's happening?
Wash me, paint me, but please don't taint me
Give me a chance, give me chance,
give me a chance...

When I was young, the sky was blue
And everyone knew what to do
But now it's gone, the telly's here
Mass media, the sewer too

Universal maximillion
Eight rare cases
Chickenpox and crawling gladness
Seemingly it's nothing happening
Cure my doctor
Don't swallow him down
Give me the cure, give me the cure,
give me the cure...

The night was cool, the moon was bright
The air was clear with oxygen
The stars were there, and in my eyes
Were thousands of chrysanthemums

Don't use magnets –
Geophysics carry you back
Wholesome, healthfood, homepride
Satisfied
Something outside gives out hunger
Face my mirror
Electricity...

‘Fire Engine Passing with Bells Clanging’ is a piece of sonic onomatopoeia (if that doesn’t sound too pretentious and worthy of ‘Pseud’s Corner’), in the sense that after hearing it, what else could it be called? A piece of free form instrumentation starting with a crashing organ toccata and drumming, with Hopper’s bass playing holding it all together. In ‘Pig’ there is additional instrumentation of saxophone and flute, although I don’t know who the players are and they do not seem to be acknowledged.

‘Orange Skin Food’ starts with a Miles Davis ‘Kinda Blue’ refrain, and continues with a tight bass line and a nice ‘bubbly’ guitar-sounding organ. ‘A Door Opens and Closes’ has wah-wah and fuzz box effect on organ with Wyatt doing a bit of ‘scat’ singing here.

The final track, ‘10:30 returns to the Bedroom’, returns to the underlying riff of ‘Orange Skin Music’ with a growling bass (played by Wyatt) and insistent drumming before opening out, then a series of drum rolls on various drums start a short drum solo. The organ and bass return for a final bit of ‘scat’ and crashing organ that settle down to gentler sustained chords, fading out to finish the side.


Third

http://www.allaboutjazz.com/coverart/2007/softmachine.jpg

Soft Machine’s third offering, logically, if unimaginatively, entitled: ‘Third’ sees Elton Dean join the line up playing alto sax. As would be expected with this addition, the music is more strongly jazz oriented and the double LP has four extended pieces, taking up a side apiece. At this time extended side-long tracks were becoming the norm, examples being Pink Floyd’s ‘Ummagumma’ and Miles Davis’s ‘Bitches Brew’. Third is also the last album that would feature any vocals. Anoraks will note that the group have dropped the definite article, now simply calling themselves Soft Machine.

The first track ‘Facelift’ was recorded ‘live’ at the Fairfield Hall, Croydon and has additional instrumentalists on flute and clarinet (Lyn Dobson), violin (Rab Small) and trombone (Nick Evans). Starting with a simple sustained bass note, then some toccata virtuosity by Ratledge, it bursts into a buzzy feedback sound. Bass and sax come in, tentatively at first, then, with Wyatt’s drums, they become more confident leading to a discernable tune or ‘riff’. This is then extemporised with organ and horns playing off one another. Then a mechanical, industrial piece of percussion causes the mood to change with a delightful flute solo. And then the ‘machine’ returns, like some lumbering dancing mechanoid, whilst the flute flutters around it like a small bird, to be replaced by the sax. The final movement sees a return to the fuzz organ that started the piece and superimposed on it is a backward running tape of the introduction.

‘Moon in June’ is virtually a solo piece by Wyatt who plays the organ as well as drums, the other members making only small contributions. The track is in some ways a knowing nod back to the first two albums, and Third is the last of the Soft Machine albums to feature Wyatt’s vocals; an aspect, which would be the cause of some friction within the group.

‘Moon in June’, is the only track to feature lyrics and surprisingly they are relatively straightforward, apart from a couple of places which make the listener do a ‘double take’. These are at the end of verse 4, verses 5 and 10 (highlighted).

On a dilemma between what I need and what I just want
Between your thighs I feel a sensation
How long can I resist the temptation?
I've got my bird, you've got your man
So who else do we need, really?

Now I'm here, I may as well put my other hand in yours
While we decide how far to go and if we've got time to do it now
And if it's half as good for you as it is for me
Then you won't mind if we lie down for a while, just for a while
Till all the thing I want is need
You are the thing I are, I knew

I want you more than ever now
We're on the floor, and you want more, and I feel almost sure
That 'cause now we've agreed, that we got what we need
Then all the thing us needs is wanting

I realized when I saw you last
We've been together now and then
From time to time – just here and there
Now I know how it feels from my hair to my heels
To have you haunt the horns of my dilemma
– Oh! Wait a minute! –

Over – up – over – up… down
Down – over – up – over… up

Living can be lovely, here in New York State
Ah, but I wish that I were home
And I wish I were home again – back home again, home again

There are places and people that I'm so glad to have seen
Ah, but I miss the trees, and I wish that I were home again
Back home again

The sun shines here all summer
It's nice 'cause you can get quite brown
Ah, but I miss the rain – ticky tacky ticky
And I wish that I were home again – home again, home again…

Living is easy here in New York State
Ah, but I wish that I were home again
Back in West Dulwich again

Just before we go on to the next part of our song
Let's all make sure we've got the time
Music-making still performs the normal functions –
background noise for people scheming, seducing, revolting and teaching
That's all right by me, don't think that I'm complaining
After all, it's only leisure time, isn't it?

Now I love your eyes – see how the time flies
She's learning to hate, but it's just too late for me
It was the same with her love
It just wasn't enough for me
But before this feeling dies
Remember how distance can tell lies!

You can almost see her eyes, is it me she despises or you?
You're awfully nice to me and I'm sure you can see what her game is
She sees you in her place, just as if it's a race
And you're winning, and you're winning
She just can't understand that for me everything's just beginning
Until I get more homesick
So before this feeling dies, remember how distance tells us lies…


‘Out-Bloody-Rageous’, starts with the use of reverse tape loops [3], which build up in volume followed by overdubbed ‘forward’ playing organ. This then leads into a straightforward piece of jazz saxophone playing, quickly followed by an organ solo by Ratledge and then horns. Another piece of backward tape loop introduces a change of pace allowing Dean and Hopper to display their talents. The piece ends as it began. Not the most successful of the four pieces on this LP and it does not, in my opinion, justify the tomeisis of the title.


Fourth

http://www.allaboutjazz.com/coverart/2007/softmachineb.jpg

Returning to the quartet (and hence the title, apart from it being the group’s fourth recording) of Dean, Ratledge, Hopper and Wyatt, Fourth is more strongly jazz orientated than Third; placing the groups work firmly within the genre of jazz-rock.

Side one, comprises three tracks. Teeth is a straightforward, if un-memorable, piece of post ‘Bitches Brew’ jazz. Kings and Queens sees a return to the sound of Third. Dean improvises against a solid background provided by Wyatt, Hopper and Ratledge. In Fletcher’s Blemish, a free-form piece of jazz, one can hear the influence of Coltrane and Coleman.

Side two is devoted to one suite: Virtually, parts I – IV. The entire suite was written by Hopper. Virtually Part I is, in some ways, reminiscent of Slightly All the Time of Third: Part I affords Hopper a short solo. Part II is a good example of the group working well together, without any one member dominating. Part III starts with a backwards tape loop and the now familiar sustained segued organ chords of Ratledge and another opportunity to hear Hopper’s Bass. Part IV is a recapitulation of the theme in Part III, with Dean’s sax gently playing the riff accompanied by wah-wah organ, bass and near inaudible percussion.

After recording Four, Wyatt left the group to record his first solo LP: ‘End of an Ear’. Wyatt’s linguistic skill was also beautifully demonstrated by his second Parthian shot: the ensemble put together for his second solo LP was called ‘Matching Mole’, a punning word play on Soft Machine, which translates as Machine Molle in French.


Five

http://www.allaboutjazz.com/coverart/2007/softmachinec.jpg

On this LP, drummer Phil Howard replaced Wyatt. In Five, Soft Machine’s direction was even more defined in the direction of avant-garde / free-form jazz. All White sounds reminiscent of Four, or even that Third. This piece has Dean playing alto sax and Ratledge on electric piano, ably supported by Phil Howard on drums. In Drop, against a backdrop of dripping sounds, Ratledge’s electric piano ‘noodlings’ give way to a tight drumming accompaniment to basically a familiar distorted ‘reedy’ organ solo. Pigling Bland is a tuneful and quirky three piece of sax, organ and percussion.


Six

http://www.allaboutjazz.com/coverart/2007/softmachined.jpg

Ex-Nucleus drummer John Marshall replaces Phil Howard and more importantly Karl Jenkins replaced Elton Dean on sax and keyboards. There are two notable tracks on this LP: Gasolreut and Soft Weed Factor.

Gasolreut is reminiscent of Jean Luc Ponty’s King Kong and Zappa’s post ’71 output; a tight caprice of horns, keyboards and drums, all held nicely in place by Hopper’s understated bass playing.

Soft Weed Factor (perhaps a nod to Wyatt and his possible punning of the 1960s novel: The Sot-Weed Factor) starts with a repetitive run of notes on organ followed by overdubbed development of the theme. Drums introduce the bass line and then with additional keyboards and horn lines, the piece becomes a perpetuum mobile – Soft Machine at their best.

In Chloe and the Pirate, keyboards and drums nicely counterpoise Karl Jenkins’s wailing staccato reeds.

Seven

http://www.progreviews.com/reviews/images/SM-Seven.jpg

On this album Soft Machine are basically treading water, though two tracks are worth mentioning. Penny Hitch starts off similarly to Soft Weed Factor and is a straightforward gentle piece of lounge jazz. In Down the Road, a ‘yodelling’ horn flutters over a tight guitar and drums rhythm before settling down to introduce a bowed bass that in turn segues into a Talking Heads' 'Once in a Lifetime'-like warbling keyboards of the last two tracks: The German Lesson and The French Lesson.

After Seven, Soft Machine recorded Bundles, the last album to have Mike Ratledge on keyboards. It has been described as ‘Frank Zappa’s Wakajawaka and Grand Wazoo meets the Mahavishnu Orchestra’. Well received at the time, it is very much jazz-rock with John McLaughlin/Al DiMeola style playing by guitarist Alan Holdsworth.

After Bundles, Mike Ratledge, the last remaining original member left the group, marking the end of an era.


Discography

The Soft Machine: ‘Volume 1’, (1968) CD, ABC/Probe CPLP 4500

The Soft Machine: ‘Volume 2’, (1969) LP, Probe SPB 1002

Volumes 1 and 2 packaged as single CD: ‘Volumes One & Two’, (1989) BigBeat CDWIKD 920

‘Third’, (1970) 2LP, Columbia 471407-1 and CD, Columbia 471407 2
In my opinion it is best to buy the remastered version (2008) as the, albeit slight, distortion heard on both the LPs and original CD has been removed. The remastered CD also has the three tracks performed at the Late Night Proms:

Out-Bloody-Rageous (11:54)
Facelift (11:22)
Esther's Nosejob (15:39).

‘Fourth’, (1971) LP, CBS 64280

Soft Machine: ‘Out-Bloody-Rageous, An Anthology 1967 - 1973’, (2005) Sony BMG 5200392

Soft Machine: ‘Jet Propelled’, ((p) 1967, 1995) Spalax Music, Paris, SPALAX 14816
Worth listening to, as it is the only recording featuring the original line-up of Wyatt, Allen, Ayres and Ratledge.

For retrospective compilations and recordings of live performances see:

http://www.forcedexposure.com/artists/soft.machine.html


References and Notes

[1] For a bit of history see

http://calyx.club.fr/softmachine/FAQ.html

[2] Collectors of vinyl might be interested to know that there were four versions of the sleeve. The original version was an elaborate die-cut gatefold design, that had a circular insert in the front that could be rotated, rather like the cover to Led Zepplin’s III. To save costs, a second version dispensed with the insert and further cost cutting dispensed with the gatefold design altogether, creating a third version.

There was also a version for the American market. On the back of the sleeve, the three band members are shown sitting with their backs against the back of a naked female lying on her side (a ‘soft machine’, complete with key emerging from her back). The girl also appeared on the inside of the gatefold. To placate prudish American sensibilities, a special version was made where the girl is given a crudely overprinted bikini, on both on the back of the sleeve and inside.

[3] For the interest of tape enthusiasts, the tape loops were played on a Brenell tape deck.


Other reading

http://www.allaboutjazz.com/php/article.php?id=24639

Beechwoods
04-07-2009, 05:59
Barry,

Another fantastic write-up about one of my favourite bands. There's much here that I'd like to comment on from my own perspective - and I will in more detail later :eyebrows: :lol: Fourth and Fifth are my two favourite albums, and Teeth is may favourite track. I personally find it a far more memorable piece than you give it credit for!

I felt that it was the arrival of Elton Dean that turned the Softs from interesting to incredible. And it was live that they really excelled. Luckily the Softs have an extensive live archive through labels such as Voiceprint, Cuniform, Windsong and Hux. Their BBC sessions and In Concert appearances are essential.

For the timebeing I'll leave you with this - fantastic footage of Soft Machine in the Ratledge / Wyatt / Hopper / Dean / Dobson quintet formation, performing 'Out-Bloody-Rageous' off French TV in 1970.

t0_vRqtKm2g

Haselsh1
04-07-2009, 13:18
I absolutely adore the Canterbury scene early prog rock material. My most favourite memories are Camel, Egg and Caravan. Wonderfully evocative...!!!

Barry
04-07-2009, 18:53
Barry,

Another fantastic write-up about one of my favourite bands. There's much here that I'd like to comment on from my own perspective - and I will in more detail later :eyebrows: :lol: Fourth and Fifth are my two favourite albums, and Teeth is may favourite track. I personally find it a far more memorable piece than you give it credit for!

I felt that it was the arrival of Elton Dean that turned the Softs from interesting to incredible. And it was live that they really excelled. Luckily the Softs have an extensive live archive through labels such as Voiceprint, Cuniform, Windsong and Hux. Their BBC sessions and In Concert appearances are essential.

For the timebeing I'll leave you with this - fantastic footage of Soft Machine in the Ratledge / Wyatt / Hopper / Dean / Dobson quintet formation, performing 'Out-Bloody-Rageous' off French TV in 1970.



Thanks Nick - glad you enjoyed it. It is of course a purely personal appraisal and is in no way authoritative.

I think from reading it, it is clear that my favourite Soft Machine period is the 'Wyatt era' of Volume 2 and Third. I have just replayed Fourth, and maybe I was being a little unfair to Ratledge in describing 'Teeth' as unmemorable. I should prehaps have stated that it is not my favourite track, believing that all four compositions on Third (even 'Out-Bloody-Rageous') are better. To my shame however, I did not credit the suite 'Virtually, Parts I - IV' to Hopper, an omission I will correct if I can edit my piece.

Whilst I feel that the appearence of Elton Dean to Softs was the start of a slow down hill slide, and because of that, I don't really like 5, Six or Seven, clearly for you it was a watershed, turning the band from being 'interesting to incredible'.

That's what I like about AoS, we can debate these things, so I remain open to persuasion and look forward to your detailed reply.

Under Discography, I meant to mention a live recording made of material taken off Third, performed at Breda in the Netherlands and called 'Breda Reactor' (Good old Robert - still one for the word play). I have only seen this record the once in HMV. It was too expensive to buy on spec., especially as I'm wary of live recordings - I've heard too many badly miked ones.

Regards

The Grand Wazoo
12-12-2011, 00:35
From The Grave

Tim
12-12-2011, 11:40
Brilliant resurrection Chris and thanks Barry, I had not seen this before and am looking forward to going through it. Robert Wyatt's work is something I am delving into at the moment, so very timely for me :)

The Grand Wazoo
12-12-2011, 19:39
There are quite a few similar threads back in the AoS archive & Barry & I discussed this particular thread last week and we thought that by highlighting it, we might give some folks the necessary inspiration for doing something similar for their own band/artist/s or albums of choice.

Here are just some of the others:
The Canterbury Scene (http://theartofsound.net/forum/showthread.php?t=1167)
Saga (http://theartofsound.net/forum/showthread.php?t=1872)
Guitar Based Music (http://theartofsound.net/forum/showthread.php?t=2637)
Classical music for people that (think they) don't like classical music (http://theartofsound.net/forum/showthread.php?t=3373)
Songs with orchestra worth exploring (http://theartofsound.net/forum/showthread.php?t=3359)
Love - Forever Changes (http://theartofsound.net/forum/showthread.php?t=3002)

REXTON
12-12-2011, 19:43
I've got 90% of Soft Machine albums, I have all of the Egg albums, can't seem to get on with caravan?? Wow, I think this thread is ace (how 80's is that:lol:)

sparrow
12-12-2011, 21:22
Love the ''Softs'' I prefer their latter day albums ''Softs'', ''Bundles'' & ''Alive and well in Paris''. Are the first I heard but also have a soft spot(no pun intended) for Third and vol. 1 & 2.

jazzpiano
14-12-2011, 18:48
Fantastic retrospective BLND! It'll be my template if I ever attempt such a thing.

~Barry

Barry
14-12-2011, 18:51
Fantastic retrospective BLND! It'll be my template if I ever attempt such a thing.

~Barry

Glad you enjoyed it Barry. Thank you. :)

(But what does BLND mean?)

Regards

jazzpiano
14-12-2011, 19:18
Look on your upper right - BarryLazyNastyDriver!

Barry
14-12-2011, 19:36
Look on your upper right - BarryLazyNastyDriver!

Ah, I understand. Actually the "I'm ..." part of my identity is an ongoing word game or puzzle that Chris (The Grand Wazoo) and I play, though it is open to anyone else to decipher it. :scratch:

Regards

farook
08-02-2012, 10:37
anyone heard this album? i have it on vinyle,loe it,reminds me of sky!

sparrow
08-02-2012, 12:02
anyone heard this album? i have it on vinyle,loe it,reminds me of sky!

I have it.. it was their swansong and on it's release it was panned by critics & most fans didn't like it..I like it ..:eyebrows:

Roy S
08-02-2012, 13:11
you can now get 3 - 7 for 10.99

Phil Lawton
25-08-2015, 10:43
Weird, isn't it, how people's tastes vary?

Unlike the OP, my favourite album of all time, by any artist, anywhere, is "Third".

I'm glad Wyatt is limited to one track...I'm not the biggest fan of his voice and rarely play volumes 1 and 2 as a result.

I also muttered a slightly astonished "What?" at the suggestion that 'Out-Bloody-Rageous' is anything but outstanding. It's the best thing ever recorded, my 'desert island' track from my 'desert island' album.

Also worth mentioning that only part of the live track 'Facelift' was recorded in Croydon - other sections were recorded at the now defunct 'Mothers' club in Erdington, Birmingham (as was the live half of Pink Floyd's "Umma Gumma" double album, some 8-9 months previously).

I play "Third" at least once every couple of weeks...the quintessential autumnal album, especially side two's melancholy 'Slightly All The Time' (not mentioned in this thread's opening review, for some reason) and the masterpiece that is 'Out-Bloody-Rageous'. The album has been in my life since I was 12 and has shaped the rest of my musical tastes in one way or another ever since (as well as being one of the main reasons I became a musician).

My main interest in Soft Machine is from "Third" onwards, with the exception of the Alan Holdsworth era-albums ("Bundles" etc) - although AH is a fine guitarist and I own and enjoy his work with other bands (UK, Bruford, Tony Williams' Lifetime and so on), he never really fitted into my own idea of what SM were all about.

"The Land Of Cockayne" is an oddball album - I really like it. Intended as a solo album by Jenkins, but he was persuaded (I think by John Marshall) to make it a Soft Machine release. Some wonderful, polished playing, magnified by some very un-Soft machine-like production - far more slick and American in feel and, in this instance, it works. Jack Bruce is oft criticised for not living up to expectations, but there was, in reality, no space for him to demonstrate any pyrotechnical bass-work.